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Current Affairs 30 July 2022

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Current Affairs 30 July 2022 English

We are here for you to provide the important Recent and Latest Current Affairs 30 July 2022, which have unique updates of Latest Current Affairs 2022 events from all newspapers such as The Hindu, The Economic Times, PIB, Times of India, PTI, Indian Express, Business Standard and all Government official websites.

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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar Launches 11th Agriculture Census 2021-22Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare launches the 11th Agriculture Census in the countryThe Eleventh Agricultural Census (2021–2022) has been launched by Union Minister Narendra Singh Tomar, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (MoAFW) to collect data on a variety of parameters, including operating holdings. For the first time, data will be collected using smartphones and tablets.

  • The fieldwork for the Eleventh Agricultural Census (2021-22) will commence in August 2022.

Essential Feature of Agriculture Census
i. The agricultural census is the primary source of data on a number of factors, including the number and size of operational holdings (small and marginal agricultural landholdings), their size, class-wise distribution, land use, tenancy, cropping pattern, etc.

  • The utilization of digitized land records and data collection via mobile apps will facilitate the creation of a database of operational holdings in India.
  • Agricultural computations can also help with mapping of crops.

About Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (MoAFW):
Union Minister – Narendra Singh Tomar (Morena Constituency, Madhya Pradesh)
Minister of State (MoS) – Shobha Karandlaje (Udupi Chikmagalur Constituency, Karnataka); Kailash Choudhary (Barmer Constituency, Rajasthan)
>> Read Full News

Indian Navy Received 1st Tranche of MH 60R Multi Role Helicopters from the USIndian Navy receives two MH 60R multi-role helicopters from United StatesOn 28th July 2022, The Indian Navy(IN) received two MH-60R Multi-Role Helicopters (MRH) – Romeo Helicopters from the United States of America(USA). The helicopters were delivered by the C-17 Special Air Assignment Mission Flight of the US Air Force at Cochin International Airport Limited (CIAL), Kerala.

  • These 2 helicopters are a part of the 24 MH 60Rs contracted from the USA in 2020.
  • The 3rd helicopter is set to be delivered in August 2022.

Background:
i.In 2020, India and the US signed a USD 2.6 billion( worth around ₹14,000 crore) contract for 24 MH-60R Romeo helicopters which will be built by Lockheed Martin Corporation.
ii.The delivery of all 24 helicopters is set to be completed by 2025.
Key Points:
i.Initially, These multiple-mission-capable helicopters would be based at Naval Air Station Garuda at Kochi, Kerala and put through intensive flying trials for integration into the Indian Navy fleet.
ii.These add to the first three MH 60R ‘Romeo’ helicopters delivered in the US in 2021, these are being used for training of the Indian Navy crew.
iii.The induction of these state-of-the-art mission-capable platforms will enhance the integral anti-submarine warfare capabilities.
iv.This will replace the ageing fleet of British Westland Seaking anti-submarine helicopters.
Indian MH-60R:
Lockheed Martin released the first look of the Indian MH-60R on the occasion of India’s Navy Day 2020 i.e., 4th December 2020.
Features:
i.The Indian MH-60R will feature the common cockpit avionics suite.
ii.The helicopter comes with multi-mode radar with Inverse Synthetic-Aperture Radar (ISAR) capability, Multi-Spectral Targeting system, a comprehensive electronic warfare and self-protection suite, Advanced Low-Frequency Dunking Sonar, GPS-capable sonobuoys, secure voice communication, SATCOM, and datalink systems.

School in Hyderabad introduced India’s 1st Teaching Robot – EagleHyderabad first in the country School introduces teaching robotsThe Indus International School in Hyderabad, Telangana introduced India’s first Teaching robot  named “Eagle” to teach students. These humanoid robots developed by the school will assist teachers in teaching.

  • It was introduced by the Indus Trust, which runs a network of Indus International Schools in Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Pune, and Belagavi.

i.The school deployed a total of 21 teaching robots in its branches located in Hyderabad, Bengaluru, and Pune.
ii.Children can connect with the assessment and content of the robot through devices like mobiles and laptops.
About Eagle Robots:
i.The robots are capable of teaching students from classes V to XI. These robots will assist the teachers and also teach students in standalone mode.

  • These robots were introduced as teacher assistants for  physics, chemistry, biology, geography, and history and will work along with teachers in delivering lessons.

ii.They are capable of teaching students in 30 different languages and accessing them at the end of the class using analytics.
iii.They are also programmed to clear doubts of the students and provide content on mobile phones or laptops.
iv.The robots are developed by an in-house team comprising engineers from IIT, content developers, and experienced teachers over a period of two years.
What are robots?
Robots are machines that can be programmed to carry out complex series of tasks automatically.

Indian & Malaysian bodies signs a pact to Promote Palm OilIndian, Malaysian bodies ink pact to promote palm oilThe Indian Vegetable Oil Producers’ Association (IVPA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) to enhance cooperation between Malaysia and India in the palm oil industry and to promote the usage of palm oil.

  • Sudhakar Desai, President of IVPA and Puan Wan Aishah Wan Hamid, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of MPOC represented the respective organisation.

Objective-
It aims to help educate Indian consumers on the nutritional and health benefits of palm oil and improve their overall understanding of palm oil and its applications.
What is in the MoU?
i.MPOC collaborated with IVPA for the greater acceptance of Malaysian palm oil among Indian consumers, food manufacturers and other end-users.
ii.It will expand cooperation in areas of mutual interest and will promote the development and use of Malaysian palm oil and Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO)-certified palm oil.
iii.The MoU will encourage the exchange of data on palm and edible oils and fats related business, besides technical, policy and administrative information.
iv.Under the agreement an expert panel will be created to assist development of India’s palm oil industry through the provision of information and expertise on latest technology applications.
Note:

  • India is one of the largest importers of edible oils. India buys palm oil from Indonesia, soyoil from Argentina and Brazil, and sunflower oil from Ukraine.
  • Malaysia, the second-largest palm oil producer in the world, is one of the top sources of India’s palm oil imports.

About Malaysia:
Capital-Kuala Lumpur
Currency- Malaysian ringgit
Prime Minister-Ismail Sabri Yaakob
About Indian Vegetable Oil Producers’ Association (IVPA):
The IVPA was formerly known as Indian Vanaspati Producers’ Association.
It is the apex body of vegetable oil industry in India.
Headquartered- New Delhi, Delhi

BANKING & FINANCE

RBI Imposes Restrictions on two Co-Operative Banks, Caps Withdrawal AmountRBI imposes restrictions on two co-operative banks, caps fund withdrawal amountOn 28th July 2022 the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) imposed several restrictions on two Uttar Pradesh (UP) based cooperative banks, Lucknow Urban Co-operative Bank and Urban Co-operative Bank Limited from Sitapur, including restriction on withdrawal of funds.
Key points:
i.The restrictions were imposed under the Banking Regulation Act which will remain in force for 6 months.
ii.The withdrawal limit has been restricted to Rs. 30,000 per customers of Lucknow Urban Co-operative Bank and Rs 50,000 per customer of Urban Co-operative Bank.
iii.These two banks cannot grant loans, make investments, incur any liability including borrowal of funds or acceptance of deposits, disburse funds or dispose assets without permission of RBI.
About Reserve Bank of India:
Governor – Shaktikanta Das
Deputy Governors – T. Rabi Sankar, M. Rajeshwar Rao, Shri Mahesh Kumar Jain, Dr. Michael Debabrata Patra.
Establishment – 1935
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra

RBI Extends Window for Payment Aggregators to Apply for Licensemust achieve Rs 25 crore net worth by March 2023

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has given another window to Payment Aggregators (PAs) in existence as of March 17, 2020 to apply to the RBI for a license by September 30, 2022.

  • PAs are mandated to have a minimum net worth of Rs 15 crore as on March 31, 2022.

Payment Aggregators (PAs)
PAs are entities that facilitate e-commerce sites and merchants to accept various payment instruments from customers for completion of their payment without the need for merchants to create separate payment integration systems of their own.

  • They let merchants connect with acquirers by receiving payments from customers, pooling them, and transferring them to merchants after a period of time.

Key Points:
i. The Payment Aggregator (PA) framework, which the RBI formally launched in March 2020, mandates that only entities authorized by the RBI to acquire and provide payment services to merchants.

  • While banks do not require separate approval, non-bank firms providing PA services were required to apply to the RBI for license by June 2021, a deadline that was later extended.
  • However, the RBI had permitted them to keep operating until they received communication from the regulator regarding the status of their application.
  • The criteria for obtaining such a license had been specified by RBI.

ii. The firms that have been granted permission to act as PAs in India will be directly supervised by the RBI when providing payment services to merchants.
iii. Under the strict evaluation process set forth by the RBI, more than 185 fintech enterprises and startups submitted their applications for a license to operate as PA.
So far, licences have been granted to Razorpay, 1Pay, Innoviti, and Stripe.

Bandhan Bank Opens New Currency Chest in Patna for Cash ManagementBandhan Bank opens its first currency chest in Patna's DeedargunjOn 28th July 2022 Bandhan Bank opened its first currency chest in Deedargunj in Patna, Bihar which helps in cash management for bank branches and ATMs.

  • This will particularly help public, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and small traders with supply of currency notes to the branches and ATMs .

About Currency Chest:
i.Currency chests are depositories established by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to facilitate the distribution of new currency notes, recycle old notes and to retain cash reserves of the banks.

  • Currency chests are located inside the premises of any bank and are regulated by RBI.

ii.According to the RBIs, 2020-2021 Annual Report (as on March 2022), there are 2,878 currency chests in India.

Category Number of Currency Chests
State Bank of India 1,544
Nationalised Banks 1,067
Private Sector Banks 253
Cooperative Banks 5
Foreign Banks 4
Regional Rural Banks 4
Reserve Bank of India 1
Total 2,878

About Bandhan Bank:
The Bandhan bank plans to open more than 530 new bank branches across India and will be mainly distributed in parts of North, West and South India.
MD & CEO – Chandra Shekhar Ghosh
Establishment – 2015
Headquarters – Kolkata, West Bengal

Aditya Birla Health Insurance & Policybazaar.com Launches OPD Add-on Cover

Aditya Birla Health, Policybazaar launch OPD add-on coverAditya Birla Health Insurance Company Limited (ABHICL), a subsidiary of Aditya Birla Capital Limited (ABCL) in collaboration with Policybazaar.com, a non-bank financial company (NBFC) launched ‘OPD Add-on’ insurance cover for customers to address their health & wellness needs.

  • This product provides unlimited medical consultation at an affordable price.

Highlights:
i.This OPD Add-on cover includes no waiting period that can be availed from Day 1 and covers more than 32000 doctor networks in over 70 plus cities.
ii.This also offers a range of special consultations such as Gynaecology, Orthopaedic, Paediatric, Ophthalmologist, Physiotherapist and Nutritionist, referred or prescribed by a General Practitioner, in relation to any illness or injury.

  • It includes 2 Physical specialist consultations (Gynaecology, Orthopaedic, Paediatrics, Ophthalmologist, Physiotherapist, Nutritionist) referred or prescribed by General Practitioner

iii.Selection of OPD Add-on cover will be applied at policy level including entry of minimum and maximum age as per the base policy.
Types of OPD Add-on cover:

Option Cover
Rs. 599 per insured (excluding tax) Unlimited Physical Outpatient consultations by a General Medical Practitioner
Rs. 799 per insured (excluding tax) Unlimited Physical & Virtual Outpatient consultations by a General Medical Practitioner
Rs. 999 per insured (excluding tax) Unlimited Physical & Virtual Outpatient consultations by a General Medical Practitioner

Aditya Birla Health Insurance Company Limited (ABHICL):
ABHICL is a subsidiary of Aditya Birla Capital Ltd. (ABCL), a joint venture between Aditya Birla Group and MMI Holdings of South Africa.
Chief Executive Officer (CEO) – Mayank Bathwal
Establishment – 2015 (commenced operations in 2016)

AWARDS & RECOGNITIONS        

Parle Topped Rankings for Most Chosen FMGG Brands in India for the 10th year in a row: Kantar India Report Parle Products remains most chosen FMCG brand

According to Kantar India’s annual Brand Footprint report 2022 (10th Edition), Parle Products Pvt Limited(Parle), Indian multinational food processing company, topped the ranking of most chosen Fast-Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) brands in India in 2021.

  • With a CRP score of 6531 (million), Parle has topped the list for the 10th year in a row.

The report ranks the most chosen FMCG brands based on the Consumer Reach Points(CRPs).

About Parle Products Private Limited:
Chairman/Managing Director– Vijay Chauhan
Founded in 1929
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
>> Read Full News  

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

India’s First Indigenous Aircraft Carrier Vikrant Handed Over to Indian Navy

Indigenous aircraft carrier INS Vikrant handed over to Indian Navy

The Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL), a Public Sector Shipyard under the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways, handed the Indian Navy with the India’s First Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC) Vikrant, the largest warship built in India.

  • It is resurrected from India’s first aircraft carrier – the Indian Naval Ship (INS) Vikrant, and is reincarnated as IAC Vikrant.
  • On August 15, 2022, during the 75th anniversary of India’s independence, it is most likely to be commissioned into the Indian Navy as the INS Vikrant.

i. IAC Vikrant was designed by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design (DND) and was built at a cost of around Rs. 20,000 crore. It contains 76 % indigenous content.
ii. The aircraft carrier will first be deployed to the Western Naval Command, which is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
iii. Vikrant has placed India among a select group of nations with the exclusive capability to indigenously design and build an aircraft carrier—along with the United States (US), the UK, Russia, France, and China.
About Indian Navy:
Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) – Admiral R Hari Kumar
Founded 26 January 1950
>> Read Full News

Google Maps launches Street View in 10 Cities of  India

Google Maps has launched its “Street View” service across 10 cities in India which will offer a 360-degree view of landmarks, streets, residential areas, or any location.Google has partnered with Genesys International, an advanced mapping solutions company, and Tech Mahindra to offer a detailed look at any street or location. 

  • The Street  View will be available on Google Maps covering over 1,50,000 km across ten cities in India, including Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Pune, Nashik, Vadodara, Ahmednagar, and Amritsar.
  • This is the first time that Google is working with local partners to enable the “Google Street View” feature. 
  • Google Street View is powered by images from third parties as per the National Geospatial Policy, 2021.The National Geospatial Policy, 2021 lets Indian companies collect map data and license it to others.

Key points:
i.The new  feature offers 360-degree views of streets around the world using photos taken by cruising vehicles.

  • MapmyIndia, indian rival of Google Maps, has launched its own 360-degree panoramic street view offering called “Mappls RealView”.

ii.Street View imagery will blur out the faces of individuals and license plates due to safety of privacy.
iii.Data collection was entirely done by Tech Mahindra and Genesys International.

Background:

  • The Google Street View was first launched in 2007.
  • In 2011, the Government of India stopped the vehicles capturing images for Google Street View. 
  • Back in 2011, the feature was banned in India due to privacy issues. 

IMPORTANT DAYS

International Tiger Day 2022 – July 29 International Tiger Day - July 29 2022International Tiger Day, also known as Global Tiger Day, is annually observed across the globe on 29th July to create awareness about the decreasing population of Tigers and to highlight the importance of the conservation of Tigers (Panthera tigris).

  • 29th July 2022 marks the observance of the 12th International Tiger Day. 

The St. Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation:
On 23rd November 2010, ‘The St. Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation’ was signed during the International Tiger Forum in St. Petersburg, Russia from 21 to 24 November 2010, proclaimed the 29th July of every year as the Global Tiger Day.

  • Signatories: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam, the countries housing the remaining tigers in the wild.
  • The first-ever Global Tiger Day was observed on 29th July 2011. 

About National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA):
NTCA has been constituted under section 38 L (1) of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
Chairperson– Bhupender Yadav (Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change)
Headquarters– New Delhi, Delhi
>> Read Full News

STATE NEWS

Chhattisgarh CM flags off ‘Mukhyamantri Mahtari Nyay Rath’ to make women aware of Legal RightsChhattisgarh CM flags off 'Mukhyamantri Mahtari Nyay Rath'

The  Chief Minister (CM) of Chhattisgarh, Bhupesh Baghel flagged off Mukhyamantri Mahtari Nyay Rath from Raipur with the aim of spreading legal awareness among women. The Rath Yatra was flagged off on the occasion of Hareli Tihaar festival (28th July 2022).

  • Chhattisgarh State Commission for Women has taken this initiative of Nyay Rath Yatra to make women of the state aware of their constitutional rights and laws.

Highlights:
i.Rath Yatra was flagged off with the slogan of “Baat He Abhimaan Ke, Mahila Man Ke Samman Ke”.
ii.The CM also administered the oath of ensuring security, justice and empowerment of women.
iii.In the first phase of Rath Yatra it will initially tour nine districts of the state that receive the Mineral Trust fund, i.e. Durg, Raipur, Rajnandgaon, Balodabazar-Bhatapara, Mahasamund, Janjgir-Champa, Gariaband, Dhamtari, Kanker.
About Mukhyamantri Mahtari Nyay Rath:
i.Mukhyamantri Mahtari Nyay Rath Yatra will go from village to village in all the districts to create mass awareness about the legal provisions and constitutional rights of women.
ii.The Information regarding women’s rights and concerning laws will be spread through short films, messages and brochures.

  • National award-winning short films in Chhattisgarhi and Hindi, based on various laws, will be screened on large LED screens during the Rath Yatra.

iii.Women will also be able to submit their applications to the State Women Commission through Nyay Rath.
iv.The Chhattisgarh government has made special changes in the District Mineral Foundation (DMF) policy, to operate Mahtari Nyay Rath under DMF.
About Chhattisgarh:
Governor – Anusuiya Uikey
Festivals- Maati Ti’aar, The First Fruits Festival, Parad
Dance- Panthi Dance, Raut Nacha

Punjab Government signs pact to become member of ‘Under2 Coalition’

Punjab government signs pact with Under2 CoalitionThe Punjab Government signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for becoming a member of the global network called Under2 Coalition to address the issues of climate change.
Signatories:
The MoU was signed by Manish Kumar, Director, Environment and Climate Change on behalf of the government, and Divya Sharma, India Executive Director, Climate Group on behalf of Under2 Coalition.
Key points:
i.With this agreement, Punjab has become a member of the largest network of 221 states/provincial governments of 43 countries committed to reducing carbon dioxide(CO2) and Green House Gas(GHG) emissions in line with the Paris Agreement adopted at a United Nations Climate Change Summit in Paris in 2015.
ii.The MoU will help in mitigating climate change impacts which include shifting weather patterns that threaten food production, rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding and associated health-related issues.
iii.The agreement will support the state’s commitment to build a robust climate-resilient ecosystem and convert the climate vulnerabilities into opportunities.
Note- India ranked 7th  in the Global Climate Risk Index 2021.
About Punjab:
Governor– Banwarilal Purohit
RAMSAR sites- Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary , Kanjli
Rivers- Jhelum River, Ravi River

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S.no Current Affairs 30 July 2022
1 Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar Launches 11th Agriculture Census 2021-22
2 Indian Navy Received 1st Tranche of MH 60R Multi Role Helicopters from the US
3 School in Hyderabad introduced India’s 1st Teaching Robot – Eagle
4 Indian & Malaysian bodies signs a pact to Promote Palm Oil
5 RBI Imposes Restrictions on two Co-Operative Banks, Caps Withdrawal Amount
6 RBI Extends Window for Payment Aggregators to Apply for License
7 Bandhan Bank Opens New Currency Chest in Patna for Cash Management
8 Aditya Birla Health Insurance & Policybazaar.com Launches OPD Add-on Cover with Zero Waiting Period
9 Parle Topped Rankings for Most Chosen FMGG Brands in India for the 10th year in a row: Kantar India Report
10 India’s First Indigenous Aircraft Carrier Vikrant Handed Over to Indian Navy
11 Google Maps launches Street View in 10 Cities of  India
12 International Tiger Day 2022 – July 29
13 Chhattisgarh CM flags off ‘Mukhyamantri Mahtari Nyay Rath’ to make women aware of Legal Rights
14 Punjab government signs pact with Under2 Coalition

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